Orientation and MobilityProcess
Orientation and Mobility instruction is age appropriate ongoing training, which teaches students with visual impairments to move safely and independently as possible in home, school, work, and community environments.
An orientation and mobility specialist is an individual with specialized training who has completed an approved certification program.
Every visually impaired child has a right to an evaluation by an orientation and mobility specialist to determine current level of functioning and current/projected needs in orientation and mobility. Based on the needs identified in the evaluation, the child will receive orientation and mobility instruction. Using a team approach, goals and objectives will be developed for specialized instruction in orientation and mobility.
Based on the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), a comprehensive evaluation is required every three years.
All families and staff share in the responsibility to reinforce independent orientation, movement, and travel.
- The Teacher of the Blind and Visually Impaired will complete a screening process (examples of screening tools listed in appendix) prior to contacting the orientation and mobility specialist to make a referral for an evaluation.
- The teacher of the blind/visually impaired will share screening instrument/referral form with the O & M specialist. The IEP case manager and O & M Specialist will develop a plan for assessment using the evaluation determination forms.
- The IEP case manager will complete the due process forms (permission to evaluate/re-evaluate) to the parents/guardians.
- Upon receipt of permission or the passing of 10 days (re-evaluation), the IEP case manager will notify the O & M specialist, indicating the 30 day due date.
- The evaluation will be conducted by the O & M specialist within the 30 day timeline, allowing time for a completed evaluation report. The results will be shared with the IEP team for development of an appropriate educational plan.
The orientation and mobility specialist will report each student’s progress to the IEP case manager based on the frequency stated on the IEP.
The orientation and mobility specialist will address needs via direct and indirect service. Indirect service will include training or consultation to teaching staff, parents, and administrators. Areas that can be addressed include each team member’s role, techniques, and review of equipment and materials. Continuous quality reinforcement of the student’s skills will be ensured by those who will be carrying out portions of the orientation and mobility programming in the student’s least restrictive environment.
Equipment and Materials:
The IEP Team will address special needs of the student at the IEP meeting regarding equipment and materials. (ex. canes, monoculars, bus and taxi fares, mapping materials, etc.)
The IEP team in conjunction with the O & M specialist will determine scheduling based on the individual needs of the student.